When it comes to skin rejuvenation, chemical peels are an important component of an effective treatment plan.
This skin-resurfacing procedure involves careful application of a medical-grade chemical solution to the surface of the skin to target wrinkles, skin discolouration and scars. These chemical peels cause controlled damage to and removal of dead skin cells on the skin’s outer layers and help to stimulate new tissue growth. As the new layers grow back, skin texture and tone can be substantially improved revealing a smooth complexion and ultimate radiance.
Types of Chemical Peels and How They Work
Chemical peels are classified based on how deep the peeling solution penetrates the layers of the skin. In general, the most drastic clinical changes are achieved using deeper peels. However, peels that penetrate to greater depths are associated with longer healing times and the potential for complications. The selection of a chemical peel is a highly personalized process and our Master Skin Therapist will guide you along the way.
Superficial (Light) Chemical Peels
Superficial chemical peels only penetrate through levels of the epidermis, the skin’s outermost layer. They decrease the pH at the skin’s surface and adjust the pH gradient of the outermost tough, protective layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum). As a result, connections between dead skin cells are loosened leading to exfoliation and stimulated new cell growth.
With careful selection by our Master Skin Therapist, we can help you choose the right superficial peel and experience a variety of benefits. These treatments can target acne, melasma, photodamage (sun damage) and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Medium Chemical Peels
Under the supervision of Dr. Yazdani, medium-depth chemical peels penetrate through the epidermis and into the uppermost layer of the dermis (the papillary dermis). Fierce but effective, these peels are more aggressive treatments in comparison to superficial peels but can achieve a higher degree of skin improvement.
Within the epidermis and top layers of the dermis, medium chemical peels cause proteins to coagulate and cells to undergo necrosis (cell death). This ultimately leads to inflammation and initiates our natural wound-healing cascade. The resulting dermal layers and stimulated collagen within the skin creates a radiant and smooth complexion.
The strength of a chemical peel and its effects are largely determined by the peel’s ingredients; the type of the ingredient, the relative concentrations and the formula’s pH. With so many types of chemical peels, and with the variety of skin conditions and needs, there is no one peel that suits all. Our Master Skin Therapist will carefully analyze the characteristics of your skin, assess your goals, and help select the appropriate treatment option for your unique needs.
Applicable Treatment Areas
Typically, we perform chemical peels on the face. However, chemical peels can also be used to address skin concerns on the neck, decollete, back, backs of arms and hands. It is best to speak with our Master Skin Therapist about your areas of concern to determine whether chemical peels are the best treatment option for your individual goals.
Chemical Peel Pre- and Post-Treatment Instructions
Before Your Treatment
- If you are lactating, pregnant, or may be pregnant, contact your physician before receiving any treatment. Be sure to inform your provider.
- AVOID sun exposure and tanning bed for 2 weeks prior to treatment.
- AVOID the use of retinoid products (eg. retinol, Retin A®, Tazorac®) for approximately 7 days before treatment. AVOID the use of products with high levels of AHA and BHA for approximately 7 days before treatment. Be sure to consult your physician before temporarily discontinuing the use of any prescription medications.
After Your Treatment
- You may experience light to moderate flaking of the skin in localized areas for 3-7 days following treatment.
- You may experience residual redness immediately following your treatment which may last 1-12 hours.
- Your skin will likely feel tight and “pulled.”
- It is not recommended that you wear makeup on the day of the treatment. Makeup can be applied after the treatment if necessary, however, it is ideal to let the skin rest and stabilize overnight.
- AVOID direct sun exposure and excessive heat for 5-7 days
- Do NOT cleanse your skin on the evening of your peel treatment.
- Do NOT pick or pull at flaking skin, allow it to naturally exfoliate on its own.
- Do NOT have electrolysis, waxing, threading or any other form of hair removal for 7 days following treatment
- Do NOT use facial scrubs or mechanical forms of exfoliation for 2 weeks following treatment.
- Do NOT use retinoic acid, AHA or BHA for 2 weeks following your peel.
- Do NOT have laser hair removal, photofacials, chemical peels or microdermabrasion for 2 weeks following your treatment.
- Do NOT apply ice or ice water to the treated area.
- Do NOT use hot tubs, steam rooms, saunas, and/or excessively hot showers for 2 days after your chemical peel.
- Do NOT go swimming for 2 days after your treatment.
- Do NOT participate in aerobic exercise for 2 days after your peel.
- Discontinue the use of any product that irritates your skin, and contact your provider.
- Use your post-treatment kit as directed. The products will help to restore barrier function and hydration while protecting from UVA and UVB.